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Proof of payment is often in the form of adhesive postage stamps, but postage meters are also used for bulk mailing.Modern private postal systems are typically distinguished from national postal agencies by the names "courier" or "delivery service".Some countries' postal systems allow for savings accounts and handle applications for passports.The Universal Postal Union (UPU), established in 1874, includes 192 member countries and sets the rules for international mail exchanges.In the 17th century, the word mail began to appear as a reference for a bag that contained letters: "bag full of letter" (1654). The term email (short for "electronic mail") first appeared in the 1970s.
Herodotus described the system in this way: "It is said that as many days as there are in the whole journey, so many are the men and horses that stand along the road, each horse and man at the interval of a day's journey; and these are stayed neither by snow nor rain nor heat nor darkness from accomplishing their appointed course with all speed".
In the 19th century the British usually referred to mail as being letters that were being sent abroad (i.e. The practice of communication by written documents carried by an intermediary from one person or place to another almost certainly dates back nearly to the invention of writing.
on a ship), and post as letters that were for localized delivery; in the UK the Royal Mail delivers the post, while in the U. However, development of formal postal systems occurred much later.
Later this system underwent complete modernization when the British Raj established its full control over India.
The Post Office Act XVII of 1837 provided that the Governor-General of India in Council had the exclusive right of conveying letters by post for hire within the territories of the East India Company.